Minyan in kaifeng. Kaifeng 开封市 Prefecture-level city Top: Xuande Palace at Millennium City Park, Bottom upper left: Gate Tower and Kaifeng Government Hall, Bottom lower left: Iron Pagoda and Tieta Lake, Bottom right: Statue of Zhang Zeduan in Millennium City Park Flag Location of Kaifeng City jurisdiction in Henan Kaifeng Location in China Coordinates (Kaifeng government): 34°47′53″N 114°18′29″E / 34. 798°N 114. 308°E Coordinates: 34°47′53″N 114°18′29″E / 34. 308°E Country People's Republic of China Province Henan Area • Prefecture-level city 6, 247 km 2 (2, 412 sq mi) • Urban 546. 4 km 2 (211. 0 sq mi) • Metro 546. 0 sq mi) Elevation 75 m (245 ft) Population (2010 census) • Prefecture-level city 4, 676, 159 • Density 750/km 2 (1, 900/sq mi) • Urban 826, 961 • Urban density 1, 500/km 2 (3, 900/sq mi) • Metro 826, 961 • Metro density 1, 500/km 2 (3, 900/sq mi) Time zone UTC+8 ( China Standard) Area code(s) 371 ISO 3166 code CN-HA-02 GDP ¥7, 250 per capita (2004) Major Nationalities Han, Hui County-level divisions 5 License plate prefixes 豫B Website kaifeng Kaifeng "Kaifeng" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters Simplified Chinese 开封 Traditional Chinese 開封 Literal meaning "Opening the Border" Transcriptions Standard Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Kāifēng Gwoyeu Romatzyh Kaifeng Wade–Giles K'ai 1 -feng 1 IPA [kʰai. fə́ŋ] Yue: Cantonese Yale Romanization Hōi-fūng Jyutping Hoi 1 -fung 1 IPA [hɔ́ː́ŋ] Southern Min Tâi-lô Khui-pang Kaifeng ( Chinese: 开封) is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province, China. It is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China, having been the capital seven times in history, and is best known for being the Chinese capital in the Northern Song dynasty. Around 5 million people currently live in Kaifeng's metropolitan area. Located along the Yellow River 's southern bank, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the west, Xinxiang to the northwest, Shangqiu to the east, Zhoukou to the southeast, Xuchang to the southwest, and Heze of Shandong to the northeast. Names [ edit] The postal romanization for the city is "Kaifeng". Its official one-character abbreviation in Chinese is 汴 ( Biàn). Historically it has also been known as Dàliáng ( Chinese: 大梁) Biànliáng ( 汴梁) Biànzhōu ( 汴州) Nánjīng ( 南京) Dōngjīng ( 東京) Biànjīng ( 汴京) The area was named "Kaifeng" after the Qin 's conquest of China in the second century BC. The name literally means "opening the border" and figuratively "hidden" and "vengeance".  Its name was originally Qifeng ( Chinese: 啓封), but the syllable qi (Baxter-Sagart: /*kʰˤijʔ/) was changed to the essentially synonymous kai （/*Nə-[k]ʰˤəj/, /*[k]ʰˤəj/） to avoid the naming taboo of Liu Qi ( Emperor Jing of Han). Administration [ edit] The prefecture-level city of Kaifeng administers five districts and four counties: Gulou District ( 鼓楼区) Longting District ( 龙亭区) Yuwangtai District ( 禹王台区) Xiangfu District ( 祥符区) Shunhe Hui District ( 顺河回族区) Weishi County ( 尉氏县) Qi County ( 杞县) Tongxu County ( 通许县) Lankao County ( 兰考县) Map Longting Shunhe Gulou Yuwangtai Xiangfu Qi County Tongxu County Weishi County Lankao County History [ edit] The city of Kaifeng (Dongjing, Bianliang) in Northern Song Dynasty Kaifeng is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China. As with Beijing, there have been many reconstructions during its history. In 364 BC during the Warring States period, the State of Wei founded a city called Daliang ( 大梁) as its capital in this area. During this period, the first of many canals in the area was constructed linking a local river to the Yellow River. When the State of Qin conquered the State of Wei, Kaifeng was destroyed and abandoned except for a mid-sized market town, which remained in place. During the Han Dynasty, the city underwent some reconstruction. Kaifeng became the capital of Liu Wu (son of Han emperor Wen) when he was given the title of Liang Xiao Wang. Liu Wu restored and constructed many buildings and old city walls. Kaifeng became a center of music, art, a refuge for artists, and of splendid gardens despite the trivial political importance of the city at this period.  Early in the 7th century, Kaifeng was transformed into a major commercial hub when it was connected to the Grand Canal as well as through the construction of a canal running to western Shandong. In 781 during the Tang dynasty, a new city was reconstructed and named Bian ( 汴). Bian was the capital of the Later Jin (936–946), Later Han (947–950), and Later Zhou (951–960) of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. The Song dynasty made Bian its capital when it overthrew the Later Zhou in 960. Shortly afterwards, the city underwent further expansion. During the Song, when it was known as Dongjing or Bianjing, Kaifeng, then the largest and most prosperous city in China, was the capital, with a population of over 400, 000 living both inside and outside the city wall. Typhus was an acute problem in the city. The historian Jacques Gernet provides a lively picture of life in this period in his Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion, 1250-1276, which often draws on Dongjing Meng Hua Lu, a nostalgic memoir of the city of Kaifeng.  In 1049, the Youguosi Pagoda ( 佑國寺塔) – or Iron Pagoda as it is called today – was constructed measuring 54. 7 meters (179 ft) in height. It has survived the vicissitudes of war and floods to become the oldest landmark in this ancient city. Another Song-dynasty pagoda, Po Tower [ zh], dating from 974, has been partially destroyed. Games in the Jinming Pool, an early 12th-century painting depicting Kaifeng, by Zhang Zeduan. Another well-known sight was the astronomical clock tower of the engineer, scientist, and statesman Su Song (1020–1101 AD). It was crowned with a rotating armillary sphere that was hydraulically-powered (i. e. by water wheel and a water clock), yet it incorporated an escapement mechanism two hundred years before they were found in the clockworks of Europe and featured the first known endless power-transmitting chain drive. Kaifeng reached its peak importance in the 11th century as a commercial and industrial center at the intersection of four major canals. During this time, the city was surrounded by three rings of city walls and probably had a population of between 600, 000 and 700, 000. It is believed that Kaifeng was the largest city in the world from 1013 to 1127.  This period ended in 1127 when the city fell to Jurchen invaders during the Jingkang Incident. It subsequently came under the rule of the Jurchen Jin dynasty, which had conquered most of North China during the Jin–Song Wars.  While it remained an important administrative center, only the area inside the inner city wall of the early Song remained settled and the two outer rings were abandoned. As the imperial capital of the Song, Kaifeng was conveniently situated along the Grand Canal for logistics supply but militarily vulnerable due to its position on the floodplains of the Yellow River. Kaifeng served as the Jurchen "southern capital" from 1157 (other sources say 1161) and was reconstructed during this time.  The Jurchen kept their main capital further north until 1214 when they were forced to move the imperial court southwards to Kaifeng in order to flee from the onslaught of the Mongols. In 1232 they succumbed to the combined Mongol and Song forces in the Mongol siege of Kaifeng. The Mongols captured the city and in 1279 conquered all of China. East Market Street, Kaifeng, 1910. The synagogue of the Kaifeng Jews lay beyond the row of stores on the right The city was briefly captured around the mid-fourteenth century by the Red Turban rebels who made it their capital for ten years. They were crushed by the early Ming forces. At the beginning of the Ming dynasty in 1368, Kaifeng was made the capital of Henan province.  In 1642, Kaifeng was flooded by the Ming army with water from the Yellow River to prevent the peasant rebel Li Zicheng from taking over. After this disaster, the city was abandoned again. In 1662, during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor in the Qing dynasty, Kaifeng was rebuilt. Another reconstruction in 1843 followed flooding in 1841, shaping Kaifeng as it stands today. On 6 June 1938, the city was occupied by the invading Japanese Imperial Army. Kaifeng is also known for having the oldest extant Jewish community in China, the Kaifeng Jews. Kaifeng remained the capital of Henan province until 1954, when it was moved to Zhengzhou. In 1969, the former President of the People's Republic of China, Liu Shaoqi, died from medical neglect while under house arrest in Kaifeng. Climate [ edit] Kaifeng has a monsoon -influenced humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cwa) that borders on a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons. Winters are cool and mostly dry while summers are hot and humid; spring is warm and sees some, but not much rainfall, while autumn weather is crisp and drier. Precipitation mainly occurs from June to September. Climate data for Kaifeng (1971−2000) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 19. 2 (66. 6) 25. 5 (77. 9) 29. 4 (84. 9) 35. 4 (95. 7) 38. 1 (100. 6) 42. 5 (108. 5) 39. 0 (102. 2) 37. 6 (99. 7) 35. 6 (96. 1) 34. 1 (93. 4) 26. 6 (79. 9) 22. 2 (72. 0) Average high °C (°F) 5. 1 (41. 2) 8. 4 (47. 1) 13. 7 (56. 7) 21. 5 (70. 7) 26. 9 (80. 4) 31. 3 (88. 3) 31. 7 (89. 1) 30. 5 (86. 9) 26. 7 (80. 1) 21. 3 (70. 3) 7. 3 (45. 1) 19. 8 (67. 7) Daily mean °C (°F) 0. 0 (32. 0) 2. 7 (36. 9) 7. 9 (46. 2) 15. 3 (59. 5) 20. 7 (69. 3) 25. 3 (77. 5) 25. 9 (78. 6) 21. 1 (70. 0) 15. 1 (59. 2) 7. 8 (46. 0) 1. 9 (35. 4) 14. 2 (57. 6) Average low °C (°F) −4. 1 (24. 6) −1. 7 (28. 9) 2. 9 (37. 2) 9. 6 (49. 3) 14. 8 (58. 6) 19. 6) 22. 9 (73. 2) 22. 0 (71. 6) 16. 5 (61. 7) 10. 1 (50. 2) 3. 1 (37. 6) −2. 3 (27. 9) 9. 5 (49. 0) Record low °C (°F) −15 (5) −14. 2 (6. 4) −7. 3 (18. 9) −1. 6 (29. 1) 5. 0 (41. 0) 11. 3 (52. 3) 15. 2 (59. 4) 13. 5 (56. 3) 6. 0 (42. 8) −0. 2 (31. 6) −11. 7 (10. 9) −16. 0 (3. 2) Average precipitation mm (inches) 8. 1 (0. 32) 11. 2 (0. 44) 28. 2 (1. 11) 35. 4 (1. 39) 55. 0 (2. 17) 73. 4 (2. 89) 174. 9 (6. 89) 109. 7 (4. 32) 69. 5 (2. 74) 41. 5 (1. 63) 20. 4 (0. 80) 9. 9 (0. 39) 637. 2 (25. 09) Average precipitation days (≥ 0. 1 mm) 2. 9 3. 9 5. 9 6. 2 6. 8 7. 8 11. 3 9. 0 7. 6 6. 6 4. 5 3. 0 75. 5 Source: Weather China Transportation [ edit] Air [ edit] Downtown Kaifeng is about 55 km (34 mi) away from Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport ( IATA: CGO, ICAO: ZHCC), which is the busiest airport in central China in terms of both passenger and cargo traffic (2017 statistics).  With the completion of Zhengzhou–Kaifeng intercity railway and Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway, fast train connections to Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport from Kaifeng became available. As of August 2018, there are 12 pairs of intercity trains running between Xinzheng Airport and Songchenglu every day, with a travel time of 53 min. Rail [ edit] Kaifeng railway station is on the East-West Longhai Railway mainline and provides convenient access to many cities around China, including Beijing West, Shanghai, Shanghai Hongqiao, Tianjin, Xi'an, Jinan, Hangzhou. Services to Zhengzhou, Luoyang and Qingdao are also frequent and convenient. Direct long distance services to Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing North, Harbin, Ürümqi, Fuzhou, Dalian and Wuhan are also available. The Zhengzhou–Kaifeng intercity railway ( 郑开城际铁路) started operation on 28 December 2014,  connecting the provincial capital Zhengzhou and Kaifeng. The railway currently terminates at Songchenglu, and is planned to be extended to Kaifeng railway station. The designed top speed is 200 km/h (120 mph). Kaifeng North railway station of the Xuzhou–Lanzhou high-speed railway is the main high-speed railway station of the city. It started operation on 10 September 2016.  Coach [ edit] There are 4 main coach stations in Kaifeng: Kaifeng West Coach Station ( 开封客运西站) Kaifeng Long-Distance Coach Station ( 开封长途汽车站) Kaifeng Jinming Coach Station ( 开封金明汽车站) Kaifeng Xiangguosi Coach Station ( 开封相国寺汽车站) There are frequent services to many neighboring counties, other provincial cities and long-distance services to other provinces. Road transport [ edit] Culture [ edit] Religion [ edit] The Sacred Heart Cathedral of Kaifeng Kaifeng is known for having the oldest extant Jewish community in China, the Kaifeng Jews. It also has a significant Muslim enclave and is notable for its many women's mosques ( nǚsì), including the oldest nǚsì in China: Wangjia Hutong Women's Mosque, which dates to 1820.   There are also some active Christian churches, like Sacred-Heart of Kaifeng cathedral ( 开封耶稣圣心主教座堂). Cuisine [ edit] Kaifeng cuisine plays a dominant part in forming Henan cuisine.  Kaifeng offers a wide range of food specialties such as steamed pie and dumplings. Particularly famous is Kaifeng's five-spice bread ( wǔxiāng shāobǐng), which, like pita, can be opened and filled. In the evening, Kaifeng's streets turn into restaurants while hundreds open their stands and begin selling their food in the famous night market. People from nearby Zhengzhou often come to Kaifeng to visit family members and to enjoy the atmosphere. The Ma Yu Ching's Bucket Chicken House ( 马豫兴桶子鸡;; Mǎ Yùxīng Tǒngzi Jī), located in Kaifeng, is by some accounts the world's oldest restaurant. Chrysanthemums [ edit] The chrysanthemum is the city flower of Kaifeng. The tradition of cultivating varieties of chrysanthemums extends back 1600 years, and the scale of cultivation reached its height during the Song dynasty until its loss to the Jürchens in 1126. The city has held the Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Cultural Festival since 1983 (renamed China Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Cultural Festival in 1994). The festival has since taken place between 18 October and 18 November of every year. The festival reached another milestone in 2012, when it celebrated its 30th birthday.  The opening ceremony was broadcast live on Henan Satellite TV Channel (HNTV) at the evening prime slot on 18 October 2012, which has a coverage of all Chinese cities of or above the prefecture-level classification in the Chinese administrative division. During the festival, hundreds of chrysanthemums breeds are on show at festival venues, and the flower becomes a common features around the city. Kaifeng has been dubbed the "city of chrysanthemums". Sporting events [ edit] Zheng-Kai International Marathon [ edit] The China Zheng-Kai International Marathon ( 中国郑开国际马拉松赛, Zheng-Kai stands for " Zhengzhou -Kaifeng", also abbreviated "ZK") is a sporting event hosted jointly by the Chinese Athletic Association, the general sport administration of Henan province, Zhengzhou municipal government, and the Kaifeng municipal government. It is the premier international sports competition in Henan province and one of the biggest sports competitions in the Central-West of China. ZK International Marathon is held at the end of March or beginning of April each year. The main part of the event occurs along the famous Zhengkai Express Way ( 郑开大道). At its launch in 2007, 5600 athletes competed. By 2012, almost 25000 athletes from 28 countries and regions have participated in the ZK International Marathon. Military [ edit] Kaifeng is the headquarter of the 20th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for the defense of the Yellow River Plain. Kaifeng Air Base is a military airfield in the southern suburb of Kaifeng City. It does not provide civilian aviation service. Gallery [ edit] Qingming Riverside Landscape Garden Reconstructed city gate (inner) of Bianjing Daliang City Gate Imperial Street of the Song Dynasty International relations [ edit] Twin towns—Sister cities [ edit] Kaifeng is twinned with: City Region Country Wichita Kansas United States Kiryat Motzkin Haifa Israel Toda Saitama Japan Omsk Omsk Oblast Russia Colleges and universities [ edit] Public [ edit] Henan University (河南大学) (founded 1912) Kaifeng University (开封大学) (founded 1980) Kaifeng Institute of Education (开封教育学院) Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute (黄河水利职业技术学院) (founded 1929) See also [ edit] Historical capitals of China 1642 Yellow River flood References [ edit] ^ 中国古今地名大词典 (in Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. 2005. p. 348. ^ a b Schellinger, Paul; Salkin, Robert, eds. (1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places, Volume 5: Asia and Oceania. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 420. ISBN 1-884964-04-4. ^ Jacques Gernet. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion, 1250-1276. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1962). Translated by H. M. Wright. ISBN 0804707200. ^ "Largest Cities Through History". Retrieved November 6, 2010. ^ Lorge, Peter (2005). War, Politics and Society in Early Modern China, 900–1795. Routledge. pp. 52–54. ISBN 978-0-203-96929-8. ^ "The Eastern Manchurian Woodsmen Replacing the Western Manchurian Nomads" (PDF). Retrieved November 6, 2010. ^ "Archived copy" 2017年民航机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2018-03-07. Archived from the original on 2015-08-23. Retrieved 2018-03-15. CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) ^ 郑州开封城铁开通：省委书记玩自拍 “包拯”捧场. (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-13. ^ 郑徐高铁开封北站即将开门迎宾(组图）. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2018-08-02. ^ a b NPR ^ "Archived copy" 豫菜成大器 任重而道远. Archived from the original on January 29, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2012. CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) ^ "China Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Cultural Festival". Retrieved October 28, 2012. Further reading [ edit] Cotterell, Arthur. (2007). The Imperial Capitals of China: An Inside View of the Celestial Empire. London: Pimlico. pp. 304 pages. ISBN 978-1-84595-009-5. The Origin of the Kaifeng Jews, in S. Shaked, ed., Irano-Judaica, Jerusalem, 1982, pp. 101–11 External links [ edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kaifeng. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kaifeng. Government website of Kaifeng (in Simplified Chinese) Kaifeng City Portal (in Simplified Chinese) Notes on the Jewish colony at Kaifeng from the Papers of Charles Daniel Tenney.
Minyan in kaifeng movie. When: March 7, 2019 @ 6:30 pm 2019-03-07T18:30:00-05:00 2019-03-07T18:45:00-05:00 Where: Jewish Museum of Maryland 15 Lloyd St Baltimore, MD 21202 USA Narrated by Leonard Nimoy, Minyan In Kaifeng takes us into the homes of two families descended from an ancient Chinese Jewish community who themselves have never even celebrated Shabbat. They have invited a modern group of Jewish travelers into their homes, leading to a reunion one thousand years in the making. This film is a story of ancient Diaspora, of old dangers and newfound wisdom.
Minyan in Kaifeng The last Rabbi of Kaifeng, China died over a century ago. Now, a group of modern Jewish expatriates travels to China to seek the remains of this ancient Jewish community. An unexpected gathering with the last descendants of the Kaifeng Jews transforms a... Watch Online Download Qi xia wu yi... food - who went to the capital Kaifeng (also known as Bianjing) to challenge Zhan... The Story of China - Golden Age The tale of what's broadly considered China's most creative dynasty - the Song (960-1279). Michael Wood heads to the city of Kaifeng, the greatest city in the world before the 19th century. A City Above Cities... the history, culture, and art of Kaifeng, one of the oldest cities in the... Against the Reinheitsgebot... asks his help in forming the ' Minyan ' (the requirement of 10 Jewish adults) for... Fall of Ming Ming Emperor Chongzhen 1642 CE and General Chaunting plan to defend Kaifeng and prevent the Dynasty's fall. The army faces many problems and an epidemic. Healer Youke treats with a new method found relevant even in today's SARS outbreak. The Quarrel... religion when he's asked to be the tenth in a minyan. As he sits in the park, he suddenly sees... The Secret Kaifeng wakes up with a terrible hangover. His... of his son, is gone forever. In despair, Kaifeng turns to a spirit medium for advice... disappear forever", says the medium. Kaifeng knows that she will not... Tur-Mohel: ELE Performance Review A short film which serves as a job performance review for Tur-Mohel and his Minyan after serving one year in the nefarious Evil League Of Evil. Shaolin Wuzang - Shadow Thief To their surprise, Tang and Cheng are summoned to Kaifeng by the General Daoshen. Master Sanzang and Hua decide to go with them. During their trip, they meet a poor woman, Rou Jia whose husband is hovering between life and death ever since... Shaolin Wuzang - The Imperial Escort The Shaolin Wuzangs have been assigned to escort the imperial Prince to Kaifeng. This trip is cloaked in utter secrecy and yet Heihu, the demon, still manages to discover the itinerary and lay in ambush. There? s a traitor at the Emperor? s court! Srugim - Episode 3. 3 Nati is in charge of his brother's "wedding blessings" event. The tense atmosphere is gone after a new neighbor joins the prayer to make up for Minyan. As she's trying to handle seeing married Roee, Reut finds a new source of comfort. Minyan - Echoes of a Ghost Minyan JTV Cribs with Jew-Z Legendary Jewish Rapper Jew-Z takes us on an intimate tour of his Jewish home. Along the way meet his Minyan Posse, Lady Jew-Z and the rest of Jew-Z's gang. The Art of Tea and Music Sonetta Duncan travels the heart of tea, Kaifeng, China. Make You Laugh... ", Professor Dou getting interrogated at the KaiFeng Government Office. Wuchao Gate... is the south gate of Longting Palace in Kaifeng city of China. In front of the Gate... Download.
Narrated by Leonard Nimoy, Minyan In Kaifeng takes us into the homes of two families descended from an ancient Chinese Jewish community who themselves have never even celebrated Shabbat. They have invited a modern group of Jewish travelers into their homes, leading to a reunion one thousand years in the making. This film is a story of ancient Diaspora, of old dangers and newfound wisdom. Event Contact Emma Glaser 410-732-6400.